October 13th, 2021


Globalscale Technologies has created a new open source quad core networking board designed to provide users with high-speed connectivity using the Wi-Fi, 5G, 1Gbit and 10Gbit Ethernet.

The Mochabin is designed for a variety of Firewall, Networking and NAS applications.

Mochabin is designed to support 4G and 5G applications via the M.2 interface. These can be used for cellular backhaul and communications to replace the ISP modem. With the OpenWRT and Replica One software.



MochaBin-5G SBC diagram.


Board Specifications  

SoC Model

Marvell Armada 7040 quad-core Corex-A72 processor
SoC Architecture ARMv8 64-bit
CPU Frequency UP to 1.4GHz
RAM 4GB or 8GB DDR4 (soldered down)
eMMC flash 16GB
SPI NOR flash 4MB for bootloader
External Interfaces  
LAN Port (10Gbe) 1x 10GbE SFP+, 1x 1GbE SFP (via 88E1512 PHY)
LAN Port (1Gbe) 4x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 via Topaz 88E6141 switch
WAN Port (1Gbe) 1x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 WAN port (via 88E1512 PHY) with PoE support, multiplexed with 1GbE SFP, so only one can be used at any time
USB 3.0 2xType-A
Internal Interfaces  
M.2 2280 socket Optional SATA III SSD
M.2 2250 socket Optional 4G or 5G cellular modem
Mini PCIe socket Optional wireless card for WiFi and Bluetooth
Developer Interfaces  
Console micro USB port for serial console
Debugging 10-pin JTAG header
Battery CR2032 battery holder for RTC
LEDs 4 x GPIO Controlled LED
Power supply 12V DC or PoE
Power button 1


If you are interested in this board and you want see
FreeBSD and OPNsense for it write me a message
to E-Mail:

Boards, NAS, SoCs

Helios64 Case

January 1st, 2021

Helios64 is a powerful ARM board specially designed for Network Attached Storage.

This product was developed by Kobol TEAM and announced on January 2, 2020.

It harnesses its processing capabilities from the Rockchip RK3399 SoC.



CPU clockrate and temperature on NanoPi R2S

October 25th, 2021

Dear all,

I am using Nanopi R2S with image OPNsense-21.7.3-OpenSSL-aarch64-NanoPi-R2S-20211012.img.xz and was wondering if there is a way to display CPU clockrate and CPU temperature, either on the WebGui or via console?

The R2S seems to run a bit hot and I would like to monitor how it behaves under higher load.


Hi Ryker!

Thanks – found it – R2S in yellow plastic enclosure running at 91 degree (idle) with 21 degree ambient. I guess need to drill holes now and/or check bigger heatsink.

Hi Ryker!

I recommend using the R2S images for reference only, not for real work, as the ure driver is far from ideal.
If you want to have real pleasure, you need to buy the Nano-PI-R4S in an iron case, this is an almost ideal device for home use controlled by OPNsense.

Sleep Walker.

Thanks a lot, just received a 10USD metal housing for R2S and it now runs at 59 degree max.

I have not experienced any issues with ure/RTL8153B so far, but Internet line is running at 40mbps max. So I hope you will continue maintain the R2S images, as the device now does a really perfect job – it is a real magic being able to run OPNsense on these little ARM boxes. BR Ryker

Hi there, can you please briefly explain how ure driver issues will be recognised? I do see some instability in my setup with R2S even at very low throughput rates, but cannot judge if this is related to ure/LAN interface. Please let me know. R4S is quite expensive in the meantime, I am willing to spend the money, but want to be sure there will be a real benefit coming from it compared to R2S. BR


Motherboard TF307

August 23rd, 2021

Материнскую плату TF307 совместно разработали компании «Эдельвейс», «Базальт СПО» и «Байкал Электроникс»

Компактный и унифицированный дизайн, совместим с форм-фактором mini-iTX.

Процессор Baikal-M (BE-M1000) разработан российской компанией «Байкал Электроникс» на базе современной архитектуры ARMv8, совместимой с широким спектром системного и прикладного ПО, что существенно облегчает внедрение устройств на его базе.

Baikal-M является высокопроизводительной и совместимой основой для универсальных рабочих станций, обеспечивая максимально высокий уровень безопасности благодаря отсутствию аппаратных уязвимостей и недекларированных возможностей.

Устройство предполагает работу под управлением ОС Linux и может оснащаться любыми совместимыми с ней прикладными программами, такими как пакет офисных приложений LibreOffice, браузер Firefox и многие другие.

Тип устройства Системная плата в форм-факторе mini-ITX
Габариты устройства Д х Ш: 170мм х 170мм
Процессор Архитектурная модель SoC Baikal-M
Количество ядер 8 (4 кластера по 2 ядра)
Максимальная частота, ГГЦ 1,5 ГГц
Оперативная память Тип До DDR4 2133 (в том числе с ECC)
Количество каналов 2
Поддерживаемый объем До 64 ГБ (До 2 модулей DIMM)
Слоты расширения
  • M.2 M Key  – NVMe SSD
  • PCIe3.0 x8
Внешние входы/выходы на задней панели
  • 1x HDMI OUT
  • 4x USB 2.0
  • 2x PS/2
  • 2x RJ45 1000BASE-T
  • 1x линейный аудио выход
  • 1x линейный аудио вход
  • 1х вход микрофона
Входы/Выходы для подключения передней панели
  • 1х разъем HD Audio
  • Разъем передней панели 
  • 2x USB 3.0
Внутренние разъемы
  • 2x SATA 3.0 6 Gbit/s
  • 2x 4-pin разъема для вентиляторов
  • 1x LVDS 4 канала
  • 1x разъем подсветки дисплея
  • 3x USB 2.0
  • 24-pin разъем питания
Питание ATX 24

Это отличный продукт, который идеально подходит для использования в качестве Интернет-шлюза. Мне удалось создать собственную сборку популярного брандмауэра OPNsense для этого устройства. И это прекрасно работает. Демонстрационныю версию (только одно ядро, без PCIe) можно cкачать по ссылке.




August 21st, 2021

The Baikal-M (BE-M100) processor was presented by the “Baikal Electronics” company in October 2019.

BE-M1000 is a feature-rich system-on-a-chip with eight ARM Cortex-A57 cores, an 8-core Mali-T628 GPU, and a set of high-speed interfaces including HDMI, PCI Express, 10Gb Ethernet and SATA. This SoC can be used in desktops, microservers, and embedded applications.


  • 8 ARM Cortex-A57 cores (64 bit)
  • Clock rate up to 1,5 GHz
  • 8-core Mali-T628 GPU
  • Dual-channel 64-bit DDR3/4 interface with ECC support
  • 4 MB (L2) + 8MB (L3) cache
  • Two 10Gb Ethernet and two 1Gb Ethernet controllers support VLAN
  • Supports HDMI 2.0 WQXGA (2560×1440)@60Hz and LVDS video
  • A built-in PCI Express Gen. 3 root complexes (4+4+8 lanes)
  • Two SATA 6G controllers with data transfer rates up to 6 Gbps
  • Two USB3.0 and four USB2.0 channels
  • TSMC 28 nm process technology
  • Estimated TDP below 35 W

Baikal Electronics — a fabless semiconductor company specializing in ARM-based and MIPS-based (SoC). The Baikal family of multicore processors includes energy-efficient solutions for desktops and industrial computers with various levels of performance and functionality.


Radxa Team

May 12th, 2021
  • Radxa Team is a startup founded 2013, focusing on design, manufacture and sell Open Source Hardware products.
  • Radxa® also provides custom designing, prototyping and software/hardware integration services.
  • Radxa® is pronounced as [reksə].
    The name is from the Latin word radix which means root.
  • Radxa® is a registered trade mark by Radxa Limited in Shenzhen, China.

Radxa Team is a group of young people who love computers and all kinds of geeks.

SoftwareSoftwareOperationHardwareProduct ManagerSoftware


Rock Pi:




Firefly Station P2

May 12th, 2021

Overview of Station P2

RK3568 quad-core 64-bit processor
RK3568 quad-core 64-bit Cortex-A55 processor, with brand new ARM v8.2-A architecture, has frequency up to 2.0GHz — the efficiency is greatly improved. With 22nm lithography process, it features low power consumption and high performance.

8GB large RAM, all-data-link ECC
Supporting up to 8GB RAM, with up to 32Bit width and frequency up to 1600MHz, it supports all-data-link ECC, making data safer and more reliable. The large RAM fits the needs of smoothly running apps with large amount of data and high speed requirements.

Integrated co-processors — GPU, VPU, NPU

It is integrated with dual-core GPU, high-performance VPU and high-efficiency NPU. The GPU supports OpenGL ES3.2/2.0/1.1, Vulkan1.1. The VPU can achieve 4K 60fps H.265/H.264/VP9 video decoding and 1080P 100fps H.265/ H.264 video encoding. The NPU supports one-click switching of mainstream frameworks like Caffe/TensorFlow.

4K HDR vision
The new video engine VPU can easily decode H.265/HEVC/VP9 4K HDR videos, supports 3840×2160@60Hz ultra-HD output and HDR10 — optimizes the dynamic range and details of the image frame by frame, enhances the image quality and color performance, delivering clear and vibrant vision experience.

Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports
The dual adaptive RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet ports, through which internal and external network data can be accessed and transmitted, improves the network transmission efficiency. Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports deliver better network scalability, and can be used in scenarios such as setting up family gigabit network, DIY gigabit router, soft router, OpenWrt.

Powerful wireless network communication
WiFi 6 (802.11ax) wireless network communication is supported, with the maximum bandwidth reaches 160MHz and the highest speed reaches 9.6Gbps — the speed is greatly improved than WiFi 5. And, WiFi 6 delivers lower packet loss rate and retransmission rate, making the transmission more stable and secure.

Onboard M.2 and SATA3.0 interfaces
The onboard M.2 PCIe3.0 and SATA3.0 interfaces can be connected with an M.2 NVMe SSD and a 2.5-inch SATA SSD/HDD respectively, owning the advantages of high-speed reading and writing and large capacity.

RS485 and RS232 interface extension
The configured Control Port (RJ45) provides one RS485 and two RS232, through which you can connect to external devices with RS485/RS232 serial port to control more external devices flexibly and create more fun ways to play.

Excellent heat dissipation

Toothed aluminium alloy case in matte black under high-precision CNC machining and with good air flow design makes excellent heat dissipation, even without fans.

A variety of interfaces
HDMI2.0, USB3.0, USB2.0 x 2, Control Port (RS485 x 1, RS232 x 2), Type-C (OTG), LAN x 2, TF CARD and other interfaces are provided.

Configured with Geek System

Station OS (Firefly Geek System) brings you living room playing experience. Just connect the TV or display at home to build a home entertainment center to enjoy movies and games with high-definition and big-screen viewing.

Various systems and boot ways supported
It supports to upgrade to Android, Ubuntu, Linux+QT, Station OS and other systems, and supports to boot the system via TF card, U disk, EMMC, etc. Diverse supporting systems make entertainment, work, programming learning, creative development all easy.

Station application programs and forums
Station application programs, including WeChat mini program, app and website, through which you can play videos, remotely control, remotely download and so on, enable you to play the geek computer anywhere anytime. Besides, forums with tremendous creative ideas and fun are waiting for you.


Firefly Team

May 12th, 2021

Firefly is a Team formed in 2014 by T-Chip Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd, focused on the research and development of open source intelligent hardware.

Firefly creates a platform full of scientific and technological creativity that makes product research and development efficient and simple so that creators can collect ideas and share them all together.

T-Chip Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd. specializes in providing hardware and software services and is committed to lowering the threshold for technological innovation to accelerate the integration of smart technology and life.

Firefly has released over 10 platforms and attracted over 200 000 community developers.

Firefly specializes in multi-platform application development as well as cloud service support, hardware schematics, and industrial design.

Firefly launches a series of products under the Station PC brand.

Station PC is the new Firefly series of single board computers that continues the open source functionality of Firefly and is more suitable for computer geeks.

In addition to its powerful configuration, this series is also supported by multiple operating systems, dedicated apps and player forums, allowing you to play and unleash your full creativity.



FreeNAS Promo for AARCH64

April 18th, 2021

This video demonstrates how my FreeNAS build for the AARCH64 architecture works.


Radxa Rock Pi N10

April 18th, 2021

The solution is based on the Rochchip RK3399Pro processor.

This chip contains six processing cores – the Cortex-A72 duo clocked at up to 1.8 GHz and the Cortex-A53 quartet at up to 1.4 GHz.

The integrated Mali-T860 MP4 GPU controller with support for OpenGL ES 1.1–3.2, OpenVG1.1, OpenCL 1.2 and DX 11 is responsible for graphics processing.

It is important to note that the processor includes a specialized NPU designed to accelerate the execution of operations related to artificial intelligence.

The amount of LPDDR3 RAM ranges from 4 GB to 8 GB. Up to 64GB eMMC 5.1 flash drive and microSD card slot are provided. Additionally, up to 2TB M.2 NVMe SSD can be installed. The single board computer measures 100 × 100 mm. The product is equipped with a Gigabit Ethernet network controller. There are two USB 2.0 ports, a USB 3.0 OTG connector, an HDMI 2.0 interface and a standard 3.5mm audio jack.

The Rock Pi N10 starts at $99. It talks about compatibility with software platforms Debian 10, Ubuntu 18.04, Fedora 28 and Android 8.1.

I was able to build a FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE boot image for this device, it allows you to install the operating system on an eMMC flash, NVMe SSD or USB HDD.


FriendlyARM NanoPi R4S

April 17th, 2021
  • The NanoPi R4S (as “R4S“) is an open source platform with dual-Gbps Ethernet ports designed and developed by FriendlyElec for IoT applications.

  • The NanoPi R4S uses the RK3399 SoC. It has two Gbps Ethernet ports and 1G/4G RAM.

  • FriendlyElec ported an OpenWrt system for it. It works with Docker CE. It is a good platform for developing IoT applications, NAS applications, smart home gateways etc.

  • This is a great product that is ideal for use as an Internet gateway. I was able to create a custom build of the popular OPNsense firewall and FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE for this device. And it works great.

Hardware Spec

Board Specifications  

SoC Model

Rockchip RK3399 – Hexacore
2x Cortex-A72 + 4x Cortex-A53
SoC Architecture ARMv8-A 64-bit
CPU Frequency A72 : 2.0GHz, A53 : 1.5GHz
microSD Slot 1
External Interfaces  
Gigabit LAN Port (1Gbe) one Native Gigabit Ethernet, and one PCIe Gigabit Ethernet
USB 3.0 2xType-A
Developer Interfaces  
2×5-pin header SPIx1, I2Cx1
4-pin header USB 2.0
Debug One Debug UART, 3Pin 2.54mm header, 3V level, 1500000bps
LEDs 1 x power LED and 3 x GPIO Controlled LED
Power supply DC 5V/3A, via USB-C connector or Pin header
PCB 8 Layer, 66 mm x 66 mm
Temperature range 0℃ to 80℃
Reset button 1

From these links you can download the SD card installation images for
FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE and OPNsense 21.7