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FreeBSD on Orange Pi 5 Plus

July 17th, 2023

Hardware Specifications

Soc
SoC ModelRockchip RK3588 (8nm LP process)
SoC ArchitectureARMv8-A 64-bit, 8-core,  big.LITTLE
4xCortex-A76, 4xCortex-A55
and separate NEON co-processors
CPU FrequencyA76 : 2.4GHz, A55 : 1.8GHz
GPUArm Mali-G610/Built-in 3D GPU
NPUEmbedded NPU supports INT4/INT8/INT16/FP16, with up to 6Tops
Memory
LPDDR4 RAM4GB/8GB/16GB/32GB (LPDDR4/4X)
eMMC 5.1 NAND Flash32GB/64GB/256GB eMMC (optional) up to 400MB/s
SPI NOR FlashQSPI Nor FLASH: 16MB/32MB
Internal Interfaces
M.2 M-KeyM.2 slot supporting 2280 NVMe SSD
M.2 E-Key M.2 slot that supports Wi-Fi6/BT modules
External Interfaces
HDMI2 x HDMI (OUT), 1 x HDMI(IN)
Ethernet2 x PCIe 2.5G Ethernet ports (RTL8125BG)
USB Type-CUSB 3.0 Type-C(DP)
USB2 x USB 3.0, 2 x USB 2.0
microSD1
Others
PWM FANyes
RTC Batteryyes
PowerUSB Type-C 5V/4A

FreeBSD 14.0 RELEASE does not support the RK3588 SoC, but thanks to Tianocore EDKII UEFI it is possible to use different operating systems, including FreeBSD.
It was necessary to add a USB 2.0 driver for ACPI mode and fix the operation of the UART driver in this mode.


And now FreeBSD can be run on OrangePi 5 Plus from an SD card.
The OS itself does not yet have a driver for an SD card and eMMC, but the system can be installed on a USB FLASH or NVMe SSD.

HDMI, USB 2.0, USB 3.0, NVMe, Ethernet will work.

You can try installing FreeBSD on OrangePi 5 Plus.

  1. Download the bootable SD card image.
  2. Burn it to SD.
  3. Insert the SD card into the device and turn on the power.
  4. After the OS starts, log in as root and run bsdinstall to install on an SSD or USB HDD.

FreeBSD-aarch64-14.0-RELEASE-OrangePi-5P-20231111.img.xz

Boards, SoCs, Vendors

FriendlyElec NanoPi R5S

June 24th, 2022
Comments Off on FriendlyElec NanoPi R5S
R5S
  • The NanoPi R5S (as “R5S“) is an open source platform with two 2.5Gb and one 1Gb Ethernet ports designed and developed by FriendlyElec for IoT applications.

  • The NanoPi R5S uses the RockChip RK3568B2 SoC. It has and 2G/4G RAM, eMMC, USB, HDMI and M.2 NVMe socket.

  • It is a good platform for developing IoT applications, NAS applications, smart home gateways etc.

  • This is a great product that is ideal for use as an Internet gateway.

Links:

Wiki: https://wiki.friendlyelec.com/wiki/index.php/NanoPi_R5S

Shop: https://www.friendlyelec.com/index.php?route=product/product&path=69&product_id=287

Porting FreeBSD to Rockchip SoC RK356x is ongoing and if you want to take part in it and are ready to contribute, welcome to our telegram group.

https://t.me/PersonalBSD

Boards

MOCHAbin

October 13th, 2021
Comments Off on MOCHAbin

Front

Globalscale Technologies has created a new open source quad core networking board designed to provide users with high-speed connectivity using the Wi-Fi, 5G, 1Gbit and 10Gbit Ethernet.

The Mochabin is designed for a variety of Firewall, Networking and NAS applications.

Mochabin is designed to support 4G and 5G applications via the M.2 interface. These can be used for cellular backhaul and communications to replace the ISP modem.

With the OpenWRT and Replica One software.

We are interested in installing FreeBSD/OPNsense/TrueNAS
on this board.

МochaBin-5G SBC diagram.

Diagram

Board Specifications  

SoC Model

Marvell Armada 7040 quad-core Corex-A72 processor Product Breaf
SoC Architecture ARMv8 64-bit
CPU Frequency UP to 1.4GHz
Memory  
RAM 4GB or 8GB DDR4 (soldered down)
eMMC flash 16GB
SPI NOR flash 4MB for bootloader
External Interfaces  
LAN Port (10Gbe) 1x 10GbE SFP+, 1x 1GbE SFP (via 88E1512 PHY)
LAN Port (1Gbe) 4x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 via Topaz 88E6141 switch
WAN Port (1Gbe) 1x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 WAN port (via 88E1512 PHY) with PoE support, multiplexed with 1GbE SFP, so only one can be used at any time
USB 3.0 2xType-A
Internal Interfaces  
M.2 2280 socket Optional SATA III SSD
M.2 2250 socket Optional 4G or 5G cellular modem
Mini PCIe socket Optional wireless card for WiFi and Bluetooth
Developer Interfaces  
Console micro USB port for serial console
Debugging 10-pin JTAG header
Others  
Battery CR2032 battery holder for RTC
LEDs 4 x GPIO Controlled LED
Power supply 12V DC or PoE
Power button 1

Source: https://www.cnx-software.com/

Links

Mochabin Wiki: https://espressobin.net/mochabin_wiki/tiki-index.php

GlobalScale GitHub: https://github.com/globalscaletechnologies

Boards

Firefly Station P2

May 12th, 2021

Overview of Station P2

RK3568 quad-core 64-bit processor
RK3568 quad-core 64-bit Cortex-A55 processor, with brand new ARM v8.2-A architecture, has frequency up to 2.0GHz — the efficiency is greatly improved. With 22nm lithography process, it features low power consumption and high performance.

 

https://wiki.t-firefly.com/en/ROC-RK3568-PC/_images/roc-rk3568-pc_front.jpg

8GB large RAM, all-data-link ECC
Supporting up to 8GB RAM, with up to 32Bit width and frequency up to 1600MHz, it supports all-data-link ECC, making data safer and more reliable. The large RAM fits the needs of smoothly running apps with large amount of data and high speed requirements.

Integrated co-processors — GPU, VPU, NPU

It is integrated with dual-core GPU, high-performance VPU and high-efficiency NPU. The GPU supports OpenGL ES3.2/2.0/1.1, Vulkan1.1. The VPU can achieve 4K 60fps H.265/H.264/VP9 video decoding and 1080P 100fps H.265/ H.264 video encoding. The NPU supports one-click switching of mainstream frameworks like Caffe/TensorFlow.

4K HDR vision
The new video engine VPU can easily decode H.265/HEVC/VP9 4K HDR videos, supports 3840×2160@60Hz ultra-HD output and HDR10 — optimizes the dynamic range and details of the image frame by frame, enhances the image quality and color performance, delivering clear and vibrant vision experience.

Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports
The dual adaptive RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet ports, through which internal and external network data can be accessed and transmitted, improves the network transmission efficiency. Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports deliver better network scalability, and can be used in scenarios such as setting up family gigabit network, DIY gigabit router, soft router, OpenWrt.

Powerful wireless network communication
WiFi 6 (802.11ax) wireless network communication is supported, with the maximum bandwidth reaches 160MHz and the highest speed reaches 9.6Gbps — the speed is greatly improved than WiFi 5. And, WiFi 6 delivers lower packet loss rate and retransmission rate, making the transmission more stable and secure.

Onboard M.2 and SATA3.0 interfaces
The onboard M.2 PCIe3.0 and SATA3.0 interfaces can be connected with an M.2 NVMe SSD and a 2.5-inch SATA SSD/HDD respectively, owning the advantages of high-speed reading and writing and large capacity.

RS485 and RS232 interface extension
The configured Control Port (RJ45) provides one RS485 and two RS232, through which you can connect to external devices with RS485/RS232 serial port to control more external devices flexibly and create more fun ways to play.

Excellent heat dissipation

Toothed aluminium alloy case in matte black under high-precision CNC machining and with good air flow design makes excellent heat dissipation, even without fans.

A variety of interfaces
HDMI2.0, USB3.0, USB2.0 x 2, Control Port (RS485 x 1, RS232 x 2), Type-C (OTG), LAN x 2, TF CARD and other interfaces are provided.

Configured with Geek System

Station OS (Firefly Geek System) brings you living room playing experience. Just connect the TV or display at home to build a home entertainment center to enjoy movies and games with high-definition and big-screen viewing.

Various systems and boot ways supported
It supports to upgrade to Android, Ubuntu, Linux+QT, Station OS and other systems, and supports to boot the system via TF card, U disk, EMMC, etc. Diverse supporting systems make entertainment, work, programming learning, creative development all easy.

Station application programs and forums
Station application programs, including WeChat mini program, app and website, through which you can play videos, remotely control, remotely download and so on, enable you to play the geek computer anywhere anytime. Besides, forums with tremendous creative ideas and fun are waiting for you.

Boards

Radxa Rock Pi N10

April 18th, 2021

The solution is based on the Rochchip RK3399Pro processor.

This chip contains six processing cores – the Cortex-A72 duo clocked at up to 1.8 GHz and the Cortex-A53 quartet at up to 1.4 GHz.

The integrated Mali-T860 MP4 GPU controller with support for OpenGL ES 1.1–3.2, OpenVG1.1, OpenCL 1.2 and DX 11 is responsible for graphics processing.

It is important to note that the processor includes a specialized NPU designed to accelerate the execution of operations related to artificial intelligence.

The amount of LPDDR3 RAM ranges from 4 GB to 8 GB. Up to 64GB eMMC 5.1 flash drive and microSD card slot are provided. Additionally, up to 2TB M.2 NVMe SSD can be installed. The single board computer measures 100 × 100 mm. The product is equipped with a Gigabit Ethernet network controller. There are two USB 2.0 ports, a USB 3.0 OTG connector, an HDMI 2.0 interface and a standard 3.5mm audio jack.

The Rock Pi N10 starts at $99. It talks about compatibility with software platforms Debian 10, Ubuntu 18.04, Fedora 28 and Android 8.1.

I was able to build a FreeBSD 13.0-RELEASE boot image for this device, it allows you to install the operating system on an eMMC flash, NVMe SSD or USB HDD.

Boards

FriendlyElec NanoPi R4S

April 17th, 2021
  • The NanoPi R4S (as “R4S“) is an open source platform with dual-Gbps Ethernet ports designed and developed by FriendlyElec for IoT applications.

  • The NanoPi R4S uses the RK3399 SoC. It has two Gbps Ethernet ports and 1G/4G RAM.

  • FriendlyElec ported an OpenWrt system for it. It works with Docker CE. It is a good platform for developing IoT applications, NAS applications, smart home gateways etc.

  • This is a great product that is ideal for use as an Internet gateway. I was able to create a custom build of the popular OPNsense firewall and FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE for this device. And it works great.

Hardware Spec

Board Specifications  

SoC Model

Rockchip RK3399 – Hexacore
2x Cortex-A72 + 4x Cortex-A53
SoC Architecture ARMv8-A 64-bit
CPU Frequency A72 : 2.0GHz, A53 : 1.5GHz
Memory  
RAM 1GB DDR3 or 4GB LPDDR4
microSD Slot 1
External Interfaces  
Gigabit LAN Port (1Gbe) one Native Gigabit Ethernet, and one PCIe Gigabit Ethernet
USB 3.0 2xType-A
Developer Interfaces  
2×5-pin header SPIx1, I2Cx1
4-pin header USB 2.0
Debug One Debug UART, 3Pin 2.54mm header, 3V level, 1500000bps
Others  
LEDs 1 x power LED and 3 x GPIO Controlled LED
Power supply DC 5V/3A, via USB-C connector or Pin header
PCB 8 Layer, 66 mm x 66 mm
Temperature range 0℃ to 80℃
Reset button 1

From these links you can download the SD card installation images for
FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE and OPNsense

Boards

Pinebook Pro

January 11th, 2021

Pinebook Pro

The Pinebook Pro is a Linux and *BSD ARM laptop from PINE64

It features an IPS 1080p 14″ LCD panel, a premium magnesium alloy shell, high capacity eMMC storage, a 10,000 mAh capacity battery, and the modularity that only an open source project can deliver.

Key features include: the RK3399 SOC; USB-C for data, video-out and power-in (3A 5V); privacy switches for the microphone, BT/WiFi module, and camera; and expandable storage via NVMe (PCIe 4x) with an optional adapter.

The Pinebook Pro is equipped with 4GB LPDDR4 system memory, high capacity eMMC flash storage, and 128Mb SPI boot Flash. The I/O includes: 1x micro SD card reader (bootable), 1x USB 2.0, 1x USB 3.0, 1x USB type C Host with DP 1.2 and power-in, PCIe 4x for an NVMe SSD drive (requires an optional adapter), and UART (via the headphone jack by setting an internal switch).

The keyboard and trackpad both use the USB 2.0 protocol. The LCD panel uses eDP MiPi display protocol.

Many different Operating Systems (OS) are freely available from the open source community and partner projects. These include various flavors of Linux (Ubuntu, Debian, Manjaro, etc.), NetBSD and OpenBSD.

We will be installing FreeBSD on Pinebook Pro.

For this we need

  1. Modified Mainline U-Boot.
  2. Patches to the FreeBSD kernel.

Boards

Helios64 boad

January 7th, 2021
Helios64 Top View

Hardware Specifications

Soc
SoC ModelRockchip RK3399 – Hexacore
2x Cortex-A72 + 4x Cortex-A53
SoC ArchitectureARMv8-A 64-bit
CPU FrequencyA72 : 1.8GHz, A53 : 1.4GHz
Additional FeaturesGPU Mali-T860MP4
Memory
LPDDR4 RAM4GB
eMMC 5.1 NAND Flash16GB
SPI NOR Flash128Mb
HDD/SSD Interfaces
SATA 3.0 Ports5
M.2 SATA 3.0 Slot1 (shared with SATA port 1)
Max Raw Capacity80 TB (16 TB drive x 5)
External Interfaces
Multi-Gigabit LAN Port (2.5Gbe)1
Gigabit LAN Port (1Gbe)1
USB Type-C1
USB 3.03
microSD (SDIO 3.0)1
Developer Interfaces
GPIO16
I2C1
UEXT1
Others
PWM FAN2
On-Board HDD Poweryes
Built-in UPSyes
RTC Batteryyes
DC inputDual 12V inputs
Wake-on-LANyes
Front Panel Extensionyes

Boards